Saturday, July 30, 2022

HOW NOROVIRUS SPREADS THROUGH FOOD AND WATER.

 
Norovirus spreads through food and water
NOROVIRUS

Norovirus
spreads through food and water

According to a new study by the Centers for Disease Control, about 2.4 million Americans are infected with norovirus every year. You might think that this is bad news, but it's actually good news! If you are sick enough to get sick from norovirus, you need to take steps to help prevent it from spreading as much as possible. The best way to do this is by avoiding contaminated food and water sources.

When winter comes, the number of people infected with norovirus increases. Norovirus is considered the most common cause of acute gastroenteritis (diarrhea or vomiting illness) worldwide. It is easily spread in the body through food and drink. This virus can have a major impact on health.

Norovirus is originally called Norwalk virus. The first outbreak of this virus occurred in Norwalk in 1972. Each year, 19-21 million Americans suffer from acute gastroenteritis, the norovirus.

According to the CDC, norovirus accounts for half of all foodborne illnesses. Every year, about 450,000 patients seek emergency care in hospitals as a result of this virus infection. Although norovirus can strike at different times of the year, it is more common in winter.

Norovirus is also called 'food poisoning'. Because this virus can easily mix in food and water. Then the infection can be transmitted by consuming that food.


What are the symptoms of norovirus?

Common symptoms of norovirus include nausea, vomiting (more common in children), watery diarrhea (more common in adults) and abdominal pain. Apart from this, there may be-

>> fever

>> cold

>> headache

>> Muscle aches and pains

>> tiredness

Most of these symptoms are not serious, but many become dehydrated due to diarrhea and vomiting. Children and the elderly are most susceptible to dehydration.

If you have symptoms of norovirus, your doctor may order a stool test to confirm the illness. However, doctors can diagnose norovirus only by looking at the symptoms.

YOU MAYLIKE THIS:

Agaricus mushroom is a fungus. 


How long is norovirus contagious?

The virus can stay in the body for up to 8 weeks. Even during this time, norovirus can spread through you to other people's body. It usually becomes less contagious over time.

The symptoms of this virus are felt immediately after entering the body. Many people recover from vomiting or diarrhea within 2-3 days or 48-72 hours after taking saline.


When to go to the doctor?

If symptoms persist after 3 days, consult a doctor immediately. Also, don't delay if dehydration occurs.

Excessive vomiting is dangerous in norovirus infections. Especially if the vomit is green or yellow, it means that it has lodged in the intestine.


How does norovirus enter the body?

Anyone can become infected with norovirus through contaminated food and drink. It can also enter the body by eating raw or undercooked meat, raw fruits and vegetables.

Even if the virus is on an object and you touch your nose, mouth or eyes after touching it, you can get infected. Restaurants, daycare centers, hospitals, etc. are more prone to Norovirus.

Once someone has contracted norovirus from contaminated food, the virus can quickly spread to others through that person's food or utensils, shaking hands, or other close contact.

Again, this virus can spread through the air on the surface from the vomit of the infected person. It is also spread through feces. Dirty diapers can also harbor norovirus. Young children, the elderly, and those with weakened immune systems are susceptible to norovirus.

RECOMMENDED FOR YOU

What Is Alchemilla?

Norovirus treatment-

Norovirus does not respond to antibiotics like other viruses. No antiviral drugs can treat norovirus. However, in healthy individuals, the illness resolves on its own within 1-3 days.

Norovirus does not cause long-term problems. However, infection with this virus can cause dehydration, especially in children and elderly people with weakened immune systems.


Symptoms of dehydration include:

>> Dizziness when standing

>> Dry mouth

>> Diminished urination

>> Abnormal sleep

>> Restlessness and

>> Laziness.


Drink plenty of fluids, especially water and juice, to prevent dehydration. Give children oral rehydration solutions to compensate for dehydration.


Avoid sugary drinks. This can make the diarrhea problem worse. Also avoid alcohol and caffeinated drinks. This can further dehydrate the body.

What to do to prevent norovirus

The key to preventing norovirus infection is good hygiene. Many people live together in hostels or messes. The risk of spreading this virus is also high in these places. For this, one has to be careful and everyone has to agree on a few things. For example-


>> Wash hands immediately with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. Especially when leaving the bathroom, after changing the baby's diaper and before preparing or eating food.


>> Alcohol-based cleansers are not as effective as soapy water. So don't rely too much on sanitizers.


>> Dispose of any contaminated items (eg soiled diapers) carefully.


>> Wash raw fruits and vegetables thoroughly. Cook shellfish thoroughly before eating.


>> Clean and sanitize surfaces with a combination of cleanser and chlorine dye after somebody is wiped out.


>> If infected with norovirus, do not go into the kitchen to prepare food even after recovery. Nor share your belongings and food with anyone.


The easiest way to prevent norovirus is to keep clean and check food and water before eating.

Children and the elderly are most susceptible to dehydration. The virus can stay in the body for up to 8 weeks. Even during this time, norovirus can spread through you to other people's body. The symptoms of this virus are felt immediately after entering the body. It can also enter the body by eating raw or undercooked meat, raw fruits and vegetables. Again, this virus can spread through the air on the surface from the vomit of the infected person. Young children, the elderly, and those with weakened immune systems are susceptible to norovirus. What to do to prevent norovirus The key to preventing norovirus infection is good hygiene. Cook shellfish thoroughly before eating. Clean and sanitize surfaces with a combination of cleanser and chlorine dye after somebody is wiped out.If infected with norovirus, do not go into the kitchen to prepare food even after recovery. The easiest way to prevent norovirus is to keep clean and check food and water before eating.

Source: WebMD

******************************************************************

1MD SALES
1MD aims to help people make smarter health choices
 and lead healthier lifestyles by creating industry-leading products
 and cutting-edge health content. 1MD is a formulator of scientifically backed
, clinically studied health supplements.
******************************************************************

HELPFUL VEDIO

Current Posts